By His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
73/08/25 London, Bhagavad-gita 2.19-20
ya enam vetti hantaram
yas cainam manyate hatam
ubhau tau na vijanito
nayam hanti na hanyate
‚ÄúHe who thinks that the living entity is the slayer or that he is slain does not understand. One who is in knowledge knows that the self slays not nor is slain.‚ÄĚ
na jayate mriyate va kadacin
nayam bhutva bhavita va na bhuyah
ajo nityah sasvato ‚Äėyam purano
na hanyate hanyamane sarire
‚ÄúFor the soul there is never birth nor death. Nor, having once been, does he ever cease to be. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing, undying and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain.‚ÄĚ
So, in different ways, Krsna is trying to convince us how the soul is immortal. Different ways. Ya enam vetti hantaram [Bg. 2.19]. When there is fight, so if one is killed or‚Ä¶ So Krsna says that if one thinks that ‚ÄúThis man has killed this man,‚ÄĚ so, or ‚ÄúThis man can kill this man,‚ÄĚ this kind of knowledge is not perfect. Nobody kills nobody. Then the butchers, they may say that ‚ÄúThen why do you complain that we are killing?‚ÄĚ They‚Äôre killing the body, but you cannot kill when there is injunction ‚ÄúThou shall not kill.‚ÄĚ That means you cannot kill the body even without sanction. You cannot kill. Although the soul is not killed, the body is killed, still you cannot kill the body without sanction. That is sinful. For example, that a man is living in some apartment. So some way or other you drive him away from that, illegally, you drive him away. So the man will go out and will take shelter somewhere. That‚Äôs a fact. But because you have driven him away from his bona fide position, you are criminal. You cannot say, ‚ÄúAlthough I have driven away, he‚Äôll get some place.‚ÄĚ No. That‚Äôs all right, but you have no power to drive him away. He was in his legal position to live in that apartment, and because you have forcibly driven him away you are criminal, you should be punished.
So this argument the butchers or the animal killers or any kind of killer, they cannot put argument. That ‚ÄúHere, Bhagavad-gita says that soul is never killed, na hanyate hanyamane sarire [Bg. 2.20], even after destroying the body. So why you are complaining that we are killing?‚ÄĚ So this is the argument, that you cannot even kill the body. That is not allowed. That is sinful. Ubhau tau na vijanito nayam hanti na hanyate. So nobody kills anybody, neither anybody is killed by others. This is one thing. Again, in a different way, Krsna says, na jayate: the living entity never takes birth. The birth is of the body or the death is of the body. Living entity, the spiritual spark, then that being Krsna‚Äôs part and parcel, as Krsna does not take birth, does not die‚Ä¶ Ajo ‚Äėpi sann avyayatma. You‚Äôll find in the Fourth Chapter. Ajo ‚Äėpi. Krsna is aja. Aja means who never takes birth. Similarly, we being part and parcel of Krsna, we also never take birth. The birth and death is of this body, and we are so absorbed in the bodily concept of life that when there is birth or death of the body we feel the pains and pleasures. There is no pleasure of course. Birth and death, it is very painful. Because‚Ä¶ That is already explained. The consciousness of the soul is spread all over the body. Therefore, the pains and pleasures felt on account of this body. So Krsna has already advised that such kinds of pains and pleasure, matra-sparsas tu kaunteya [Bg. 2.14], touching the skin only, one should not be very much bothered. Tams titiksasva bharata. In this way if we think about our position, self-realization, how we are different from the body‚Ä¶ Actually, this is meditation. If we think very seriously about ourselves and about the body, that is self-realization. Self-realization means I am not this body, I am aham brahmasmi, I am spirit soul. That is self-realization.
So na jayate na mriyate va kadacit. Kadacit means at anytime, past, present, and future, kadacit. In the past, it is already explained, in the past we existed, maybe in a different body. At present, we are existing, and in the future also, we shall exist, continue to exist, maybe in a different body. Maybe, not. Actually. Tatha dehantara-praptih [Bg. 2.13], because after giving us this body, we have to accept another body. So this is going on. And ignorance, without knowledge of self, we are being kept in ignorance. The so-called educational system, all over the world, there is no such education. They are kept in darkness and ignorance and still so much money is being spent, especially in the Western countries. They have got money, big, big high schools, but what is the production? All fools and rascals. That‚Äôs all. Because they do not know. They have no idea what is self. And without this knowledge‚Ä¶ Knowledge means self-realization, that ‚ÄúI am not this body; I am spirit soul.‚ÄĚ That is knowledge. And knowledge how to eat, how to sleep, how to defend, how to enjoy sex life, and volumes of books on this subject matter, these are not knowledge. They are known even by the cats and dogs. The cats and dogs never read Freud‚Äôs philosophy, but they know how to enjoy sex life.
So this dog‚Äôs philosophy will not help you, that ‚ÄúI have got this body, and how to enjoy the bodily sex life.‚ÄĚ This is dog philosophy. A dog knows all these things. Your philosophy should be how to refrain from sex life. That is knowledge. Tapo divyam [SB 5.5.1]. Tapasya. This human life is meant for tapasya, to refrain from sense gratification. That is knowledge. Not that how to enjoy sex life or sense gratification. This is known to cats and dogs without any education, without any philosophy. The philosophy, pravrttih esam bhutanam nivrtes tu maha-phalam.(?) Pravrtti, every living entity has got this pravrtti, means propensity. What is that? Sense enjoyment. Loke vyavaya ‚Äėmisa mada-seva nityas tu jantuh.(?) Jantuh means living being. Nitya, always, he has got the propensity, vyavaya amisa mada-seva. Vyavaya. Vyavaya means sex life and amisa means meat-eating. Vyavaya amisa, mada-seva, and intoxication. These are natural instincts of all living entities, even amongst the ants these propensities are there. Those who have studied‚Ä¶ The ants are very much fond of being intoxicated. Therefore, they find out sweet, sugar. Sweet is intoxication. Perhaps you know, all. The liquor is made from sugar. Sugar is fermented with acid, sulphuric acid, and then it is distilled. That is liquor. Therefore too much sweet eating is prohibited.
So loke vyavaya amisa mada-seva nityas tu jantuh. This is propensity. Material life means every living entity has got these propensities. But they have to be restricted. Pravrttih esam bhutanam.(?) That is natural instinct. But if you can stop them, that is your excellence. That is called tapasya. Tapasya means I have got naturally some propensity, but that is not good. Not good in this sense, if we continue that propensity, then we have to accept this material body. This is the law of nature. There is a verse, pramattah. What is called, that‚Ä¶? Now I‚Äôm forgetting that. That everyone is mad, mad after sense gratification. Na sadhu manye yata atmano ‚Äėyam asann api klesada asa dehah. So long we‚Äôll continue this propensity of sense enjoyment, you‚Äôll have to accept body. That is birth and death. So long. Therefore, the process should be how to make zero all these propensities. That is perfection. Not to enhance it. Nunam pramattah kurute vikarma yad indriya-pritaya aprnoti [SB 5.5.4]. Nunam, alas, indeed, pramattah, these madmen. They are mad, those who are after these propensities, vyavaya amisa mada-seva, sex, intoxication and meat-eating. They‚Äôre all madmen. Pramattah. Nunam pramattah kurute vikarma [SB 5.5.4]. Vikarma means activities which are prohibited. We see, for these three things, amisa-mada-sevaya, for sex life, for meat-eating, for drinking, people are working. Not only working, dishonestly working. How to get money, how to get money, the black market, white market, this, that, only for these three things: amisa-mada-seva. Meat-eating, intoxication. [break] Why? Amisa-mada-sevaya. Simply for this sex, meat-eating and drinking. Amisa-mada-sevaya. In the Vedic literature, they have studied analytically, not now, since very, very long time. You see? This is natural inclination. The creation is not new. There were many, many creations.
So all the records are there. So it is not new thing. Therefore, nunam pramattah kurute vikarma yad indriya-pritaya aprnoti [SB 5.5.4]. This is the instruction of Rsabhadeva to His sons. ‚ÄúMy dear sons, don‚Äôt be misled. These rascal fools, they have become mad after these things, meat-eating, intoxication and sex life.‚ÄĚ Na sadhu manye, ‚ÄúIt is not good at all.‚ÄĚ Na sadhu manye. ‚ÄúI don‚Äôt allow, I don‚Äôt say it is very good. It is not at all good.‚ÄĚ Na sadhu manye. ‚ÄúWhy it is not good? We are enjoying life.‚ÄĚ Yes, you are enjoying now, but yata atmano ‚Äėyam asann api klesada asa dehah [SB 5.5.4]. So long you will continue with these things, you‚Äôll have to accept body, and when you accept body, there must be birth, there must be death, there must be disease, and there must be, what is called, old age. You‚Äôll suffer. You‚Äôll suffer. But your actual position is na jayate. You do not take birth, but you have conditioned yourself to take birth. Actually, your position is no birth, eternal life. As Krsna is eternal, similarly, every one of us we are eternal because we are part and parcel of Krsna ‚ÄĒ the same quality. As Krsna is sac-cid-ananda-vigrahah [Bs. 5.1], He is form, transcendental form, eternal form, full of knowledge, full of bliss, similarly we are also, although particle, the same quality. Therefore it is said, na jayate. This problem, this rascal civilization, they cannot understand that I am eternal, I am put into this condition of birth and death. No rascal understands. So-called philosophers, scientists, all of them, therefore rascals, fools. Reject them. Reject them immediately. That working hard. The same: nunam pramattah kurute vikarma [SB 5.5.4]. Just like madman works. What is the value of madman‚Äôs work? If he‚Äôs busy whole day and night, I am very busy. So what you are sir? You are a madman. Your brain is cracked, crazy. So what is the value of your work? But this is going on.
So Krsna consciousness, you just imagine how important movement it is. It is the best welfare activities for the human society. They are all fools and rascals, and they have no knowledge, ignorant of their constitutional position, and they are unnecessarily working hard day and night. Therefore they have been said, mudha. Mudha means ass. The ass works day and night for the washerman for little grass. Grass is available everywhere, but he, still, he thinks that ‚ÄúIf I do not work for the washerman, very hard, I‚Äôll not get this grass.‚ÄĚ This is called ass. Therefore, when one becomes intelligent after cultivating knowledge, one becomes intelligent by and by. First of all brahmacari. Then, if one cannot remain a brahmacari, all right, take a wife, grhastha. Then give up, vanaprastha. Then take sannyasa. This is the process. The mudha, they‚Äôll work day and night for sense gratification.
Therefore, at a certain period of life, that stupidity should be given up and taken sannyasa. No, finished. That is sannyasa. Now this portion of life should be completely for Krsna‚Äôs service. That is real sannyasa. Anasritah karma-phalam karyam karma karoti yah. It is my duty to serve Krsna, I am eternal servant of‚Ä¶ Karyam. Must I do it, must I serve Krsna. That is my position. That is sannyasa. Anasritah karma-phalam karyam karma karoti yah. The karmis, they are expecting some good result for sense gratification. That is karmi. And sannyasi means‚Ä¶ They are also working very hard, but not for sense gratification. For the satisfaction of Krsna. That is sannyasa. This is sannyasa and karmi. Karmi also works very hard, harder and harder but all for this amisa-mada-seva. Amisa-mada-seva. Vyavaya, only for sex life, eating meat, and intoxication. And a devotee works in the same way, hard, but for Krsna‚Äôs satisfaction. This is the difference. And if you, one life before, like this, no more sense gratification, simply for Krsna, then you come to this position, na jayate, no more death, no more birth. Because your position is na jayate na‚Ä¶ That is your actual position. But because you are in ignorance, pramattah, you have become mad, you have become crazy; therefore you have taken to this process of sense gratification. Therefore you are entangled in a material body, and the body is changing. That is called birth and death.
So if you stop, if you want to stop this birth and death, don‚Äôt indulge in sense gratification. Then again entangle.
nunam pramattah kurute vikarma
yad indriya-pritaya aprnoti
na sadhu manye yata atmano ‚Äėyam
asann api klesada asa dehah
‚ÄúAll right, this body is for few years, it will be ended.‚ÄĚ And that‚Äôs all right. It will be ended, but you‚Äôll have to accept another body. The body, accepting the (or) accepting another body, you have to because you have got desire, sense gratification. So sense gratification means you must have material senses to gratify. So Krsna is so pleased, so merciful, not pleased, but He‚Äôs very merciful, ‚ÄúAll right, this rascal wants like this. Give him this facility. All right. This rascal wants to eat stool. All right. Let him have a body of pig.‚ÄĚ This is going on, nature‚Äôs law.
So this knowledge, Bhagavad-gita knowledge, is so perfect for the human society. And Krsna wants that this knowledge should be spread because everybody, sarva-yonisu kaunteya sambhavanti murtayah‚Ä¶ [Bg. 14.4]. He‚Äôs the seed-giving father. Father is naturally well-wisher that: ‚ÄúThese rascals, they are suffering, prakrti-sthani. Manah sasthanindriyani prakrti-sthani karsati [Bg. 15.7]. Simply by, guided by mental speculation, manah, and assisted by the senses, they are struggling so hard. And if they come back to Me they can live so nicely, as My friend, as My lover, as My father, as My mother, Vrndavana. So claim again, call them.‚ÄĚ That‚Ä¶ Therefore, Krsna comes. Yada yada hi dharmasya [Bg. 4.7]. Because the whole world is running on under the false impression of sense enjoyment, therefore He comes and advises, sarva-dharman parityajya: [Bg. 18.66] ‚ÄúYou rascal, give up all this engagement. Don‚Äôt be proud that you are scientifically advanced. You are all rascals. Give up this nonsense. Come to Me. I‚Äôll give you protection.‚ÄĚ This is Krsna. How merciful He is. And the same business should be done by Krsna‚Äôs servant. Not to become a great yogi, magic player. No, that is not required. Simply speak what Krsna says. Then you become spiritual master. Don‚Äôt speak anything nonsense. Caitanya Mahaprabhu also said, yare dekha tare kaha krsna‚Äô-upadesa [Cc. Madhya 7.128]. Simply you preach the instruction of Krsna, whomever you meet. Then you become spiritual master. That‚Äôs all. Very simple thing.
Thank you very much. (end)
>>> Ref. VedaBase => Bhagavad-gita 2.19 ‚ÄĒ London, August 25, 1973