By HH Sridhara Swami
Through bhakti-yoga we can finally reunite with the person weâ€™ve wanted all along.
The Sixth Chapter of Bhagavad-gita, discusses dhyana-yoga, or meditative yoga. Texts 13-14 say: â€śOne should hold oneâ€™s body, neck, and head erect in a straight line and stare steadily at the tip of the nose. Thus, with an unagitated, subdued mind, devoid of fear, completely free from sex life, one should meditate upon Me within the heart and make Me the ultimate goal of life.â€ť
Srila Prabhupadaâ€™s purport to these verses begins, â€śThe goal of life is to know Krishna, who is situated within the heart of every living being as Paramatma, the four- handed Vishnu form.â€ť
The same form of Vishnu or Narayana is existing within the heart of every living being as the soul of all souls, and He is directing the wanderings of all living being throughout the cosmic creation. There are two souls: the individual soul, the person looking out from the eyes; and the Supersoul, the Supreme Lord who resides within the heart of each of us.
Self-help advocates say, â€śI have to get in touch with my real self.â€ť Theyâ€™re thinking on the physical plane. â€śMy real self is not a doctor but a lawyer, and as soon as I discover Iâ€™m a lawyer Iâ€™ll be happy.â€ť
But itâ€™s much, much deeper than that. The real self is aja, â€śunborn,â€ť and nitya, â€śeternal.â€ť The real self does not die when the body dies. The real self is hankering after a relationship with the Supreme Person, but weâ€™re looking in the wrong place. All of us are looking for friendship, love, guidance, and knowledge, but weâ€™re looking for these within the phenomenal world, and this is a mistake because our very best friend is within our own heart.
It is difficult to see the nose, which is right in front of you. Similarly, it is difficult for us to see is Supersoul, who is there within us. He is ishvara, the supreme controller, and not a blade of grass moves without His sanction. Heâ€™s controlling all the universes, gravity, time, but He makes Himself available. Have you ever worked for someone who doesnâ€™t have time for you? Krishna is the controller of everything, but He has all the time in the universe for you. And not only for you but for me too. Thatâ€™s the beauty of Krishna. He is with all of us individually.
The goal of yoga is to help us get in touch with the person who resides within our hearts. Yoga is the matchmaker, you could say.
Not more than a few hundred yards from this place a yoga class is going on. Most people think yoga is either a means to lose weight so that they can have good sex or to merge with Brahman and lose all individuality, which amounts to spiritual suicide. But theyâ€™re wrong about the goal, and theyâ€™re wrong about the practice. One has to practice sitting postures to breathe properly, but that is not the goal. Real yoga is ashtanga-yoga, the eight-fold process. It starts with yama and niyama, rules and regulations that require one to be a strict vegetarian and practice celibacy.
Sex is the highest material pleasure, and love of God is the highest spiritual pleasure. For some people itâ€™s disheartening to learn that they have to make a choice. The real thing to understand is that the pleasure of sex life has a heavy downside. Thereâ€™s an old saying that if you pick up one end of the stick you pick up the other end of the stick too. If you want sense pleasure, then you have to take sense painâ€”sukha and duhkha, happiness and distress.
Some of us have been to the school of hard knocks and have gotten a little realization. Iâ€™m not perfect in my understanding of it, but in my heart of hearts I know that when Iâ€™m free from lust, anger, greed, envy, that kind of purity will bring me happiness beyond compare. I want that. And Iâ€™m prepared to be patient, determined, and enthusiastic to achieve it, because Iâ€™ve seen that in this world, practically speaking, there is only suffering. You can say something brings less suffering and therefore itâ€™s enjoyable. But I want a pleasure that is ever increasing. That plea-sure exists, but it requires effort to attain. By the process of sankirtanaâ€”by chanting and taking spiritual food and living a simple life and associating with other devotees and practicing sincerelyâ€”you can attain the perfection of pleasure.
Krishna says, â€śOf all yogis, he who in faith worships Me is the highest of all.â€ť Krishna is the Supreme Person, the Supreme Lord. He is the speaker of the Bhagavad- gita, and He is telling us that of all yogasâ€”jnana-yoga, dhyana-yoga, ashtanga-yoga, kriya- yoga, this yoga, that yogaâ€”the highest yoga, the way to reach Him, is bhakti-yoga. After jnana, or knowledge, comes love. After many, many lifetimes of analyzing the material world, one will realize vasadevah sarvam iti: thereâ€™s nothing more than Krishna. Heâ€™s the goal. To love Krishna, to be loved by Krishna, to finally come back to Him after such a long time, to finally reunite with the person weâ€™ve wanted all along, and to never be parted from Him ever againâ€”that is beautiful. And that can be achieved through bhakti- yoga.
Bhakti-yoga is the process by which we come to love Krishna. In verse seventeen of this chapter Krishna says, â€śHe who is regulated in his habits of eating, sleeping, recreation, and work can mitigate all material pains by prac- ticing the yoga system.â€ť Srila Prabhupada writes, â€śExtravagance in the matter of eating, sleeping, defending, and matingâ€”which are demands of the bodyâ€”can block advancement in the practice of yoga. As far as eating is concerned, it can be regulated only when one is practiced to take and accept prasadam, sanctified food.â€ť We eat vegetarian food, but we are not vegetarians. Weâ€™re â€śKrishnatarians.â€ť Rabbits are vegetarian, elephants are vegetarian. So what? Krishna says, â€śIf all you can offer is a leaf, flower, or fruit, offer it with love. And take the remnants, the prasadam. What I want is your devotion.â€ť
Not only is vegetarian Indian cuisine delectable, but thereâ€™s just something about Krishna prasadam that is indescribably delicious. I may get distracted by thoughts of illicit sex, intoxication (hardly but maybe), gambling (we speculate sometimes). But meat- eatingâ€”forget it. I never even think of it. Because we have literally developed a higher taste for Krishna- prasadam. We regulate our activities by taking Krishna prasadam.
As for sleeping, any unnecessary time spent sleeping is considered a great loss. A devotee uses every moment of the day to pursue his goal. None of us here has any contract that guarantees we have a hundred years to live. We could be gone very quickly. We donâ€™t know. So itâ€™s important to be serious in spiritual life. A Krishna conscious person cannot bear to pass a minute of life without being engaged in service to the Lord. Therefore, sleeping is kept to a minimum. The Gosvamis of Vrindavana ate, slept, bathedâ€”everythingâ€”within half an hour or an hour. They were that engrossed in spiritual life. We may never reach that stage, but we can find a level of service that fulfills us every day of the year. During our sleep weâ€™ll have nice dreams of Krishna and His devotees, and weâ€™ll rise and begin our service and our hearts will be bright.
Because the Krishna conscious person is regulated in his work, speech, sleep, wakefulness, and other bodily activities, he or she experiences no misery. This is practical. If someone undergoes some sort of stress, a friend might say, â€śJust take your mind off it; get engrossed in your work.â€ť People do that as a kind of therapy. Here the Gita recommends we go on permanent therapy. Work for Krishna. Youâ€™ll get so absorbed that you wonâ€™t fear even death. Steadiness comes from being constantly engaged in serving guru and Krishna. In the spiritual world the gopis compete to serve Krishna. There is so much work to do for Krishna that you can be totally carried away. Love is both a verb and a noun. To feel perfect satisfaction, you have to practice loving Krishna. You have to serve Him.