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Sastric Advisory Council’s Pati-guru Paper — 2019

Wednesday, 15 May 2019 / Published in GBC / 1,333 views

[Statement] (Proposed and Sponsored by the SAC)

Resolved:

That the GBC accepts the conclusion and recommendation as found on page 38 of the SAC’s Patiguru paper: http://gbc.iskcon.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Pati-guru_April_2019_SAC2.pdf

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Conclusion and Recommendation

1) A guru should not marry a disciple: As marrying a disciple is improper by both śāstric example and ordinary moral codes, it is right and proper for ISKCON law to prohibit such relationships or have sanctions against those who engage in them.

2) The normal and preferred situation is for a woman to take dīkṣā from a guru who is not her husband: Śāstra generally identifies the husband as his wife’s guru in a worldly, not transcendent, sense, and husbands giving dīkṣā to their wives is not the general rule in our tradition. Therefore, even if a married man is qualified to act as a dīkṣā-guru within ISKCON, and that person’s wife is qualified to take dīkṣā within ISKCON, neither ISKCON law nor social convention should encourage him to be the dīkṣā-guru for his wife. ISKCON leaders and members should encourage women to take dīkṣā from someone other than their husbands.

3) Under very rare circumstances, it is permissible for a husband to be the dīkṣā-guru for his wife: Śāstra, tradition, and Śrīla Prabhupāda identify a husband as his wife’s natural guru and sometimes include the function of pāramārthika, or spiritual guru (which includes dīkṣā and śikṣā-guru) in that relationship. Therefore, if a married man is qualified to act as a dīkṣā-guru within ISKCON, and that person’s wife is qualified to take dīkṣā within ISKCON, then there should be no direct or indirect legislative action, condition, nor social norm to restrict the husband from giving dīkṣā to his wife provided they both desire to enter into that relationship of their own volition and after careful consultation with senior devotees. It is reasonable under current ISKCON law for the institution to add an additional layer of oversight before such an initiation occurs.7

4) Adding a dīkṣā-guru-disciple relationship to an existing husband-wife relationship is likely to be challenging for both aspects of the relationship: Mixing of the relationship between dīkṣā-guru or formal śikṣā-guru and disciple with the relationship between husband and wife has a number of potential or even probable conflicts, along with some possible benefits. Therefore, those who already guide and instruct prospective disciples should include the discussion of challenges (for example, as outlined in this paper) for any woman who wishes to have her husband as dīkṣā-guru. Any couple where the husband and wife (who are otherwise qualified to be dīkṣā-guru and disciple, respectively) are firmly fixed on adding being a dīkṣā-guru and disciple to their relationship should receive support from the ISKCON community as would be given in any guru-disciple relationship.

5) Education on this topic may be helpful in ISKCON: ISKCON leaders may consider when and where education on these topics would aid the society.

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