Mother Gandharidasi:
This is a  compilation  of  information  from  various  websites  about  Sacred Geometry, better known  as Rangoli in Gujarat and Kolam  in South India.  It  gives some  understanding  of  relationship  between Rangoli,  mandalas  and  yantras,  their uses,  origins  and  benefits.  Mother Gandharidasi (Svayambhuva Manudas - SDG)

Diwali Rangolis


Diwali Rangoli
Diwali Rangoli
Diwali Rangoli
Diwali Rangoli
Diwali Rangoli

During Diwali, Goddess Lakshmi is believed to visit homes that are well lit, so families decorate their homes. People wear their best clothes or buy new ones, children are given presents and new year greetings are exchanged through visits or Diwali cards. Thus, a Rangoli design is created on doorsteps to welcome everybody. Rangoli exudes a pattern in color that are specific for each region.

During Diwali, in the art of floor painting, the central rangoli design is the symbolic one denoting the deity or the theme. Motifs generally created are lotus, fish, birds, snakes etc. which reflects the unity of man and beast. Most of the rangoli designs are circular exuding a sense of endlessness of time. Celestial symbols such as the sun, moon and other zodiac signs are also common themes for rangoli. Layered with symbolism is the lotus denoting Goddess Lakshmi, the unfolding of life, the heart or the wheel.

Two interfaced triangles are created that indicates the deity of learning, Sarswati. Encircling this is a 24-petal lotus flower border, the outer circle being decorated with Lakshmi's footprints repeated in four corners. Sometimes the lotus petals are made in a triangular shape for variety. In north Bihar, Lakshmi's feet are drawn at the door, the toes pointing inwards to indicate her entrance.


Rangoli Patterns
Rangoli Patterns
Rangoli Patterns
Rangoli Patterns
Rangoli Patterns


In Andhra Pradesh there is an eight-petal lotus (ashtadal kamal) and many geometric patterns forming the lotus. In Tamil Nadu the hridaya kamalam is an eight-pointed star meaning lotus of the heart. In Maharasthra too the lotus is a basic motif and designs like shankh kamal - shell lotus and thabak which means salver is in the shape of an eight-petal lotus with straight lines elaborated with curving lines to give it the appearance of a salver. In Gujarat alone there are said to be 1001 variations of the lotus which are drawn during Diwali, the festival when Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped. Other motifs are swastikas and conch shells.


photo CD lotuses and Barbara Lierson's lotus photo Horse Conch - Click For Larger View

The swastika in a decorative Hindu form.Diwali Festival of Light  


All over the southern part of India the Diwali festival is marked by gaiety and prosperity. The rangolis drawn are peripheral. Most Rangolis are basically geometric patterns formed with dots and lines to make squares, circles, swastikas, lotus, trident, fish, conch shell footprints, creepers, trees bear testimony both to individual genius and community participation and many work for days together on single design. Rangoli, also known as Alpana, Kolam and by other names is a traditional art of decorating courtyards and walls of Indian houses, places of worship and sometimes eating places as well. The powder of white stone, lime, rice flour and other paste is used to draw intricate and ritual designs.


Diwali Rangoli
Diwali Rangoli
Diwali Rangoli
Diwali Rangoli
Diwali Rangoli

The raw materials mainly used to make rangoli are edibles like rice flour, pulse and leaves. All over India, floor paintings are essentially white in color. White is a symbol of peace, purity and tranquility. The material used is rice flour or rice paste, because rice to all Indians is a sign of prosperity. Yet another symbol of prosperity is the color yellow. Turmeric yellow or ocher is also often used to fill in the white outlines. More often however, vermilion is used. Vermilion, is considered auspicious. Also used are pea green and rust brown.

 Paan Shape Diyas On Om Motif Pooja Tray

 Udipi Deep (Small) : Brass Oil Lamp

 Deep Jyoti
Spaces can be created within the rangoli design to place diyas. One can also use flower petals of different colors such as golden marigolds, bright red roses to add that extra dimension to the pattern. Most of the patterns are circular indicative of the endlessness of time. The day-to-day Rangoli patterns are simple or intricate. The most common rangoli designs start with dots which are connected to form lines and other geometrical shapes such as swastika, aum, stars, squares, circles, triangles etc. These geometrical patterns must be formed in a continuous, unbroken lines. 'Rangoli' is a Sanskrit word which means a creative expression of art through the use of color.The word,  Sacred Geometry.

Sacred Art Fine Art Prints


All of Creation is a moving art. Mandala Art Description.

Pythagoras described geometry as visual music. Music is created by applying laws of frequency and sound in certain ways. States of harmonic resonance are produced when frequencies are combined in ways that are in unison with universal law. The shapes that are formed from these divisions are symbols that embody the mathematical principles found throughout creation. They reveal the inner workings of nature and the inherent order of the universe. Mandalas act as a bridge between the higher and lower realms. They are interdimensional gateways linking human consciousness to the realms of archetypes and the infinite. The relationship of form, movement, space and time is evoked by the mandala.


Mandalas offer a way to engage with the inherent harmony and balance of nature. They bring the principles of nature into our field of awareness. For thousands of years, mandala imagery has served as a means to an expanded way of thinking. The images transcend language and the rational mind. They bring about a certain wisdom of universal knowledge and a deeper understanding of human consciousness. Yantras are a particular field of mandala imagery that visually represent the harmonic tones of mantras (sacred sounds). By directing our thought patterns to these archetypal planes we invite the essence of these levels to penetrate our minds and thinking. An attunement of individual consciousness with the harmony of universal consciousness develops. The Sri Yantra is believed to be the image of the OM mantra, which in the Hindu tradition is understood to be the primordial sound of creation. In his book Rhythms of Vision, Lawrence Blair writes that when the OM is correctly intoned into a tonoscope (a device that transforms sound into a visual representation on a screen), it first produces a circle. As the tone is completed, the circle is filled sequentially with concentric squares, triangles and finally, as the last traces of the "mmm" have died away, the Sri Yantra.



spherical sri yantra

  • Spherical (Kurma)

    This is the rarest and the most difficult to reproduce. The figure is drawn or sculpted on a dome shape. The triangles are drawn with curved lines (spherical triangles) making it very difficult to draw so that the intersections align properly

  •  Pyramidal (Meru)

    This is basically a 3D version of the plane form. The outline formed by the overlapping triangles are elevated in steps to form a pyramid.

    Yantra literally means "Instrument or Machine". Yantra is a symbolic representation of aspects of divinity, It is an interlocking matrix of geometric figures, circles, triangles and floral patterns that form fractal patterns of elegance and beauty. Though drawn in two dimensions, a Yantra is supposed to represent a three dimensional sacred object.

    Sri Yantra Mandala - is the most powerful  sacred  Geometry symbol  used in India and Tibet since many thousands of years. Sri Yantra

    It is a special geometric design, which is the visible form, the energy body, of the mantra, and the planet to which it corresponds. Yantras supplement the power of mantras and are as strong as the mantras themselves. If a mantra is the invisible driving force, the yantra is the visible means to gain power and wealth, ward off evil and illnesses, nullify the ill effects of planets, bring you luck in love & life, enhance your capabilities - and bless you with almost any material comfort or spiritual benefit you desire.
    Yantras are constructed with observing immutable laws of sacred geometry, being symbolic representations of energy patterns of a deity and rank amongst the most powerful 'centering' devices for harnessing divine energies. The Yantra is actually more powerful than a picture of a God which, to be energized, requires Yantra to be affixed at its base or back


    3D Sri Yantra

    A Yantra always contains a Mantra associated with it. Just as the mind is a part of, yet different from the body, so is the Mantra from the Yantra. The Mantra is the mind consciousness while the Yantra is the form of the deity. The Beeja or "Seed" mantras are inscribed to constitute the subtle forms of respective Gods and Goddesses, a dot or Bindu is the center of all things and represents the Unmanifested Potential of all creation.

    By having a Yantra and keeping it in a sacred place in your house, gazing it everyday can fulfill your desires and help in attaining your goals. Although the Yantra is primarily a meditation tool and its Shakti is available to all with sincere devotion and good intention. Intense meditation upon it causes the fully formed image to leap into the mind's eye with remarkable intensity with imprinting ability.



    Abstract geometric representations of the universe that do not represent a deity, are called Mandalas. Every Yantra is a also a Mandala, though not all Mandalas are Yantras. The designs are symbolic and can include geometrical patterns, with lines, dots, squares, circles, triangles; the swastika, lotus, trident, fish, conch shell, footprints (supposed to be of goddess Lakshmi).

    The Golden Ratio

    The golden ratio, or it's mathematical term the phi ratio is a mathematical principle that pervades the universe. This principle can be found from molecules (including the dna molecule) to spiral galaxies. The golden ratio is also present in the Sri Yantra. Pentagram star with radiating spiral. Awakening and metamorphisis. New beginnings. A link to the universal heart. A key to realms of higher awareness. Pentagram star rainbow with yin and yang spirals forming universal heart. A nurturing and enriching connection with universal abundance and empathy.

    Spritual Secrets of a Carbon Atom (Swastik)


    Atomic theory is an ancient science. The earliest record of it can be found in Vedic texts from india which are many thousands of years old. Legend has it that the Vedic civilisation was highly advanced. The sages that oversaw its development, through their mystic insight and deep meditation, discovered the ancient symbols of spirituality: Aumkara and Swastika. The Carbon atom, by containing within it these universal symbols, demonstrates that matter is a manifestation of the same Divine consciousness experienced by the saints and sages of all history. Matter is innately spiritual.




    Sacred Geometry

    Sacred Geometry is the blueprint of Creation and the genesis of all form. It is an ancient science that explores and explains the energy patterns that create and unify all things and reveals the precise way that the energy of Creation organizes itself. On every scale, every natural pattern of growth or movement conforms inevitably to one or more geometric shapes.

    DNA double helix. A. Molecular model of DNA. The molecules include (1) hydrogen, (2) oxygen (3) ?
    As you enter the world of Sacred Geometry you begin to see as never before the wonderfully patterned beauty of Creation. The molecules of our DNA, the cornea of our eye, snow flakes, pine cones, flower petals, diamond crystals, the branching of trees, a nautilus shell, the star we spin around, the galaxy we spiral within, the air we breathe, and all life forms as we know them emerge out of timeless geometric codes. Viewing and contemplating these codes allow us to gaze directly at the lines on the face of deep wisdom and offers up a glimpse into the inner workings of the Universal Mind and the Universe itself.  The ancients believed that the experience of Sacred Geometry was essential to the education of the soul. They knew that these patterns and codes were symbolic of our own inner realm and the subtle structure of awareness.
    The Geometry Code
      Hanta Yo Native American MandalasBlossoming Lotus - Sacred SAymbols of the East        

    The designs of exalted holy places from the prehistoric monuments at Stonehenge and the Pyramid of Khufu at Giza, to the world's great cathedrals, mosques, and temples are based on these same principles of sacred geometry. As far back as Greek Mystery schools 2500 years ago it was taught that there are five perfect 3-dimensional forms - he tetrahedron, hexahedron, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron...collectively known as the Platonic Solids; and that these form the foundation of everything in the physical world.



    Solid gold vimana above the Deity
    at Shri Rangam Temple

    Jagannatha Puri Temple

    Sacred Geometry Mandala Art, Interdimensional Gateways to the Infinite Jonathan Quintin:

    Temple of Inscriptions, Palenque
    Top, Inscriptions Temple, Palenque; Right Top,
    Kukulcan Pyramid, Chichen-Itza; Right Bottom,
    Sun Pyramid, Teotihuacan

    Pyramid of Kukulcan, Chichen-Itza
    Sun Pyramid, Teotihuacan